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St Francis de SalesCatholic Junior School

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Mapping: Relief and Contour Lines


Today, we learned to be trainee cartographers! We learned that to show height on a 2D map, it was necessary to use contour lines and relief lines. These show how high above the sea level the land lies. After looking at a section of an Ordnance Survey (OS) map of Snowdonia which is a National Park in North Wales, we actually constructed a 3D map out of cardboard from using the contour lines on a 2D map. Have a look at the picture! We were then able to match images showing different topography such as cliffs, V shaped and U shaped valleys, to their relief sketches. 


"I enjoyed refreshing my memory with our Formative Five starter about map symbols. I found this helpful when I was examining the OS map of Snowdonia National Park. Given that we have been in lockdown for a long time, revisiting prior learning was really helpful." Kaidyn.


"Mrs Carden thought that we would find the matching the photos to the relief sketches really challenging but after we had done a few together on the board as a class, it was quite easy!" Myaih S

Cross-Curricular links with History 


When we studied  the 'Anglo-Saxons' as part of our History, the children drew a map of the UK and Northern Europe to show the journey the invaders took to reach our shores. In doing so, we were able to understand how place names had changed over time and the reasons for this. It also helped us to understand the reason for the cultural diversity that was embedded in England at the time and how this has influenced our peoples today. 


Henry: "This was really tricky because we had to draw the map independently! It was interesting to compare how the map of the UK had changed over time. It is quite different. Mrs Carden told us that she used to live in Sussex, which is an original Anglo-Saxon name! Wessex is now West Sussex."


Oliver: "Working independently, we were able to work out the meaning of place names like 'Seaford', which is where our teacher lived. It means a shallow river crossing by the sea!"

Home Learning Project


We will be independently expanding our knowledge of the Rainforest of  South America specifically looking at the effects of deforestation on the human and physical environment. We will learn how these 'lungs of the earth' are vital to the survival of our planet but how there is balance to be made with the need to improve the infrastructure and economy of South America. We will produce an information text to show our findings.


Ben: "I cant wait to get started on this!"

Delamere Forest

When we visit the forest, we will be working in small teams to independently navigate our way around the forest whilst riding our bikes. (Of course we will have a trained adult with us just in case!)